The forgotten asset class set to outperform


Roy Keenan

Against a backdrop of economic and geopolitical uncertainty, rising inflation and interest rates, Australian investors are searching for investments that can benefit from evolving market conditions. With credit spreads at attractive levels, now might be the opportune time for exposure to hybrids and credit.

Due to the complex nature of hybrids, where debt and equity characteristics between securities can vary widely, historically, investors haven’t embraced the potential opportunities or understood where they fit in a portfolio. It begs the question of whether now is the time for investors to invest in hybrids?

Decoding hybrid securities

Let’s take a step back. Hybrids are an investment that combine elements of debt and equity. They are typically riskier and offer a higher return than traditional debt investments, such as bonds and term deposits, but are less risky and offer a lower return than equity investments.

There is a wide selection available, ranging from simple convertible debt securities to sophisticated financial instruments, each with their own terms and conditions.

Hybrids are a blend of equity and debt. Some behave more like equities, some like debt. They can be broadly grouped into three categories, each having different characteristics making them more or less volatile.

Firstly, convertible debt securities, give the investor or issuer the option to convert their principal plus accrued interest into an equity investment, usually ordinary shares, at a future date. Secondly, preference shares, which provide regular income payments, but unlike ordinary shares, the income is paid as dividends with a rate that can be fixed or floating. Like a bond, they can be converted to cash at maturity. And finally, capital notes, which include perpetual debt, subordinated debt and knockout securities. These instruments pay regular interest until the note is redeemed at which time the principal is repaid to the investor.

To risk or not to risk?

Like any investment, there is a trade-off between risk and returns. Hybrids generally offer a higher yield than traditional fixed income investments, such as bonds, but there is usually a higher level of risk too, including:

  • Liquidity risk: hybrids are generally less liquid than investments like ordinary shares, so they may not be able to be traded quickly enough to prevent a loss.
  • Credit risk: there is a possibility that the issuer of the hybrid is unable to satisfy the requirements under the terms of the security, e.g., defaults on payments.
  • Length to maturity: the longer the maturity, the greater the chance that the company could default on its obligations.
  • Conversion risk: if the security converts to shares, they may be worth less than the initial investment.
  • Not guaranteed: unlike bank accounts, hybrid securities aren’t covered by the Australian Government deposit guarantee.
  • Last in line: depending on the security, you could be last to be paid if the company is wound up

Balance sheets you can “bank” on

Australian banks are the largest issuers of hybrids domestically, with balance sheets in generally good shape and capital ratios at historical high levels. COVID-19 provided Australian banks with access to cheaper funding via the Term Funding Facility (TFF), which provided them with a degree of funding certainty and lower funding costs.

Following the withdrawal of the TFF in 2021, new bank issuance is coming to market at attractive credit margins, providing an ideal environment for active credit managers to identify the most positive risk-adjusted opportunities.

Aside from banks, insurance companies and other financial institutions offer access to hybrids on the ASX.

The year of the hybrid

Rising inflation, above average GDP growth and the unwinding of quantitative easing (QE) in 2022 has seen financial markets reprice interest rate expectations.

The rising rate environment will likely push the outright return on hybrid securities higher, without having a material impact on spreads given the strong economic backdrop. Given most hybrids are floating rate, investors will likely benefit via higher income from these rising short-term rates.

Generally, the higher the running yield of an investment, the greater the protection it offers investors from adverse movements in credit margins. For example, the running yield for the Yarra Enhanced Income Fund (EIF) is currently sitting at ~3.0% above cash.

Based on an average portfolio maturity of ~3 years, we’d likely need to see an extreme move wider in credit margins to wipe this out. However, given the robust economic backdrop in 2022, we expect credit margins to remain relatively stable, adding to floating rate credit’s income generating credentials.

This benign outlook contrasts with the capital losses currently being observed in traditional fixed income due to the reset in interest rates and real yields. Usually, a rise in real yields impacts the value of everything long interest rate duration, from traditional fixed income to most equities. That’s not the case with floating rate credit since its short duration generally offers protection to portfolio valuations from rising interest rates. This is observable in EIF’s outperformance compared to traditional fixed income (Bloomberg Composite Index) since September 2012 (see Chart 1).

Getting exposure to hybrids

Investors can access a small selection of hybrids on an exchange, but not the entire universe of securities which are available through secondary markets.

The hybrid market can experience low levels of liquidity compared to equities listed on the share market. This means that investing directly via an exchange can be more costly for retail investors, because the bid-offer spread (the difference between the market price that hybrids are bought and sold for vs. the share price for the same security) can vary enormously on any given day.

For an active fund manager, their buying power means they can access liquidity in the professional market or trade in the over-the-counter (OTC) market, which experiences greater volumes than a retail investor can access on the ASX. They can also trade directly with other financial institutions, which generally offer better terms and a tighter bid-offer spread.

Like any investment, it pays to do your research before you invest. On the surface, hybrids can seem like a no-brainer. They pay a regular income, offer downside protection, are generally less volatile than equities, and can provide capital growth and franking credits. Each hybrid security has its own terms and conditions, however, some of which can run to hundreds of pages! It takes an expert to understand the risks and merits of a hybrid security.

That’s where an actively managed fund can help. Run by a team of professional investment managers, they have the time and expertise to evaluate the risk/return characteristics associated with individual hybrid securities.

One of the most important reasons for investing in hybrids through an actively managed fund is to capture market-beating returns (alpha). The complex nature of hybrid investments means they can often be mispriced. This presents an opportunity for a skilled investment manager to take advantage of the relatively inefficient market and capture alpha. By investing through a professionally managed fund, investors can take advantage of the diversification and risk management benefits and may be best placed to profit from higher risk-adjusted returns.

By Roy Keenan, Co-Head of Fixed Income


This material is distributed by Yarra Capital Management Limited (ABN 99 003 376 252, AFSL 237563). Yarra Funds Management (ABN 63 005 885 567, AFSL 230251) is the issuer and responsible entity of the Fund. The information provided contains general financial product advice only and the publication has been prepared for authorised financial advisers only. It does not take into account any personal objectives, financial situation or particular needs. Before making a decision to acquire, hold or continue to hold an interest in the Fund you should consider the appropriateness of the advice in light of your own or your client’s objectives, financial situation or needs. Prior to investing in the Fund you should obtain and consider the PDS and TMD available at The information set out has been prepared in good faith and while Yarra Capital Management Limited and its related bodies corporate (together, the “Yarra Capital Management Group”) reasonably believe the information and opinions to be current, accurate, or reasonably held at the time of publication, to the maximum extent permitted by law, the Yarra Capital Management Group: (a) makes no warranty as to the content’s accuracy or reliability; and (b) accepts no liability for any direct or indirect loss or damage arising from any errors, omissions, or information that is not up to date. To the extent that any content set out in this document discusses market activity, macroeconomic views, industry or sector trends, such statements should be construed as general advice only. Any references to specific securities are not intended to be a recommendation to buy, sell, or hold such securities. Holdings may change by the time you receive this report. Future portfolio holdings may not be profitable. The information should not be deemed representative of future characteristics for the strategies listed herein. Past performance is not an indication of, and does not guarantee, future performance. References to indices, benchmarks or other measures of relative market performance over a specified period of time are provided for your information only and do not imply that the portfolio will achieve similar results. The index composition may not reflect the manner in which a portfolio is constructed.  Portfolio characteristics take into account risk and return features which will distinguish them from those of the benchmark. There can be no assurance that any targets stated in this document can be achieved. Targets are objectives and should not be construed as providing any assurance or guarantee as to the results that may be realized in the future from investments in any asset or asset class described herein.  If any of the assumptions used do not prove to be true, results may vary substantially. These targets are being shown for informational purposes only. © Yarra Capital Management

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